Impact of a seven-car trainset on a standing and braked trainset of identical formation.

The front and rear train ends are provided with automatic couplers and the intermediate ends with semi-permanent couplers.
All couplers are equipped with HYDROSTAT energy absorption elements (buffers) and elastic shock absorption devices.

The final capacity of the buffers is about 800 kN (red bar, maximum bar height).

Direction of force:

= „+“ effective as compression force

= „-“ effective as tensile force